ASTM D3045 Standard Practice for Heat Aging of Plastics Without Load

ASTM D3045 is a recognized standard test method employed to analyze the endurance quality of plastics when exposed to heat for longer periods of time. This test method can only be considered as a guide for comparing thermal aging properties of different materials. This test predicts how materials will degrade or oxidize over time.


Introduction to ASTM D3045 

ASTM D3045 measures the exposure conditions for determining the thermal endurance of plastics when exposed to high temperatures for extended periods of time. Only the procedure for heat exposure is specified which highlights further procedures for comparing the thermal aging characteristics of materials at different temperatures. To ascertain the correlation between a stated property change and temperature, a test is carried out at a range of temperatures.

ASTM D3045 is a highly significant method in terms of analyzing the long-term effects of heat aging on newly developed plastic materials. This helps in determining the material’s suitability for specific applications and identifying any potential changes in its properties over time.

ASTM D3045 Test Procedure 

Specimen SelectionThe specimens should be representative of the material under examination. However, fabricate test specimens are preferred.
Test Setup and ExecutionIt involves the recommendation of multiple procedures for determining the thermal aging characteristics of plastics in different elevated levels of temperature. Samples are exposed to hot air for an extended period of time. At least four exposure temperatures are used to determine the relationship between temperature and a specified property change in the specimen. The time period to produce the desired level of the change is about 9-12 months using the lowest temperature and about 6 months for the next higher temperature for the same property. At least three replicates of each material should be used if there is no specificationHowever, the property change in plastic materials is determined at the low temperatures. Arrhenius relation  is assumed in this case.

ASTM D3045 Test Specimens 

Specimen DetailsFactors such as the intended purpose of the test, the project requirements, and the characteristics of the material being studied are important to consider. Fabricate test specimens by the same method as used in the intended application
Specimen dimensionsThe specimen thickness should be comparable to but no greater than the minimum thickness of the intended application. 

ASTM D3045 Test Results 

The results obtained from ASTM D3045 provide valuable information about the change in properties of plastic materials. Analysis of variance is used to compare the mean of the measured property data for each material at each exposure time, when comparing materials at the same temperature. 

Tests Related to ASTM D3045 Test 

Some important tests related to ASTM D3045 include ASTM D883 (plastics terminology), ASTM D638 (tensile properties), D790 (flexural properties), D2240 (durometer hardness), E1356 (glass transition temperature determination), and E473 (thermal conductivity measurement). These standards provide comprehensive guidance for evaluating the behavior and performance of plastics during heat aging, facilitating accurate material assessment and comparison.


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Please contact us for a detailed quote for your astm d3045 testing needs. Cost incurred to carry out different astm d3045 testing methodology depends on the type of raw material; number of samples, coupons, or specimens; test conditions, turn around time etc. Costs of some ASTM testing methods start from $100 and the final value depends upon the factors listed above. Please contact us for the best and latest prices.

How many samples are required for astm d3045?

The required number of samples or specimens should comply with the procedure given in the astm d3045 standard. However, the MaTestLab operations team can assist you for your special requirements once you share your testing details with us.

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How many days will it take to complete the astm d3045 test?

The turnaround time for astm d3045 test methodology depends upon the test procedure mentioned in the standard test document. However, we at MaTestLab understand your research requirements and hence try to get your test completed within the least possible time.

Where can I get the astm d3045 tested?

You can share your astm d3045 testing requirements with MaTestLab. MaTestLab has a vast network of material testing laboratories, spread across the USA and Canada. We support your all material testing needs ranging from specific astm d3045 test to various testing techniques.

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