Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a thermoanalytical technique used to measure the physical and chemical properties of a material. This technique is widely used in many industries, such as pharmaceuticals, polymers, food, and materials science. DSC is a powerful tool for evaluating the thermal properties of materials and for characterizing their behavior in response to temperature changes. DSC provides accurate results with high precision.


Introduction to Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is a thermal analysis technique that determines the temperature and heat flow associated with material transitions as a function of time and temperature. This technique measures the heat quantity radiated or absorbed excessively by the sample during temperature change based on a temperature difference between the sample and the reference material. The difference in the amount of energy required to increase the sample temperature is obtained as a result of the DSC test, which provides insight into the material structure. DSC methodology is used to measure the thermal properties of a sample, including heat of fusion, glass transition, crystallinity, and melt temperature.

Based on the mechanism of operation, differential scanning calorimetry can be classified into two types: heat-flux and power-compensated. In the heat flux method, a pan with the sample material and an empty reference pan are placed on a thermoelectric disk surrounded by a furnace. The furnace is heated at a linear heating rate where the heat is transferred to the sample and reference pans through a thermoelectric disk. On the other hand, in the power-compensated DSC method, the sample and reference pans are placed in separate furnaces heated by separate heaters. The pans are maintained at the same temperature, and the difference in thermal power required to maintain them at the same temperature is measured and plotted as a function of temperature or time.

Principle and Methodology of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

The temperature of a material changes when it absorbs or releases energy. A differential scanning calorimeter or DSC instrument is used to measure the heat flow into or out of the sample as it is subjected to a controlled temperature program. The heat flow rate is measured by two thermocouples placed on either side of the sample holder. The difference between these two temperatures indicates the heat flow rate into or out of the sample.

Typically, the instrumentation required for performing DSC experiments in testing labs includes an oven with precise temperature control capabilities; two thermocouples which are placed on either side of the sample holder; a data acquisition system which records data from both thermocouples; and software which allows data analysis and interpretation.

In DSC, a sample is placed inside an oven, which is heated at a constant rate in a testing laboratory. As the temperature increases, the energy absorbed or released by the sample is measured using two thermocouples placed on either side. By measuring this energy change over time, it is possible to determine various properties such as melting point, glass transition temperature, crystallization point, and oxidation temperature.

A DSC graph showing thermal transitions in different types of materials

Uses of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

DSC finds its use in several industries, including the pharmaceutical, polymer, food processing, and materials science industries. DSC studies phase transitions in polymers, such as melting point determination and glass transition temperatures; oxidation processes in organic compounds; crystallization processes; and thermal stability testing for drugs and other materials. In addition, DSC can also be used to determine specific heat capacity values for materials under different temperatures or pressures.

Advantages of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

Differential Scanning Calorimetry measures both endothermic and exothermic processes in samples. Very small amounts of energy changes over time with high accuracy and precision can also be measured using the DSC technique. Furthermore, DSC can be used to study both solid and liquid samples without any special preparation or treatment beforehand.

Disadvantages of Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

There are some limitations associated with the differential scanning calorimetry technique such as its inability to measure samples at very low temperatures (<-100°C). Some samples may require special preparation before analysis, increasing experimental costs significantly. Due to its complexity, interpreting data obtained from DSC experiments may require considerable expertise.


Where can I get the dsc tested?

You can share your dsc testing requirements with MaTestLab. MaTestLab has a vast network of material testing laboratories, spread across the USA and Canada. We support your all material testing needs ranging from specific dsc test to various testing techniques.

How much do I need to pay for the dsc test?

Please contact us for a detailed quote for your dsc testing needs. Cost incurred to carry out different dsc testing methodology depends on the type of raw material; number of samples, coupons, or specimens; test conditions, turn around time etc. Costs of some ASTM testing methods start from $100 and the final value depends upon the factors listed above. Please contact us for the best and latest prices.

How many samples are required for dsc?

The required number of samples or specimens should comply with the procedure given in the dsc standard. However, the MaTestLab operations team can assist you for your special requirements once you share your testing details with us.

How much discount can I get on the dsc test?

MaTestLab has a vast testing laboratory network, hence we bring you the best testing facilities in a cost-effective way. We offer considerable discounts (15-20%) to our returning customers based on test volume and frequency.

How many days will it take to complete the dsc test?

The turnaround time for dsc test methodology depends upon the test procedure mentioned in the standard test document. However, we at MaTestLab understand your research requirements and hence try to get your test completed within the least possible time.

Where can I get the dsc tested?

You can share your dsc testing requirements with MaTestLab. MaTestLab has a vast network of material testing laboratories, spread across the USA and Canada. We support your all material testing needs ranging from specific dsc test to various testing techniques.

MaTestLab Inc. offers accessible, quick, and affordable material testing, product testing, and failure analysis services. We support your on-demand testing and expert consultation needs with the help of our extensive network of material testing laboratories situated in the US and other parts of the world.
We offer destructive and non-destructive tests over a range of mechanical, electrical, chemical, thermal, optical, corrosion, radiation, and biological testing methodologies defined by ASTM, ISO and other organizations.
We help you evaluate and ensure your product quality and performance with standard and custom-made testing solutions. All the tests are done at well-equipped testing laboratories using standard testing methods for best output and satisfaction.
Failure analysis ensures high levels of quality in every manufacturing process. We help you with getting the best failure or root cause analysis to determine the cause of the failure. The results help you identify means to prevent failure recurrences.
Process for testing
  • STEP 01

    You share your testing requirements

  • STEP 02

    You share your sample(s)

  • STEP 03

    We deliver your test reports

Get your testing done

Let us known your testing requirements and we will be right back with a solution.

Let us root for each other. Collaborate to grow, expand, and accelerate our businesses.

Please share your requirement with us